The Ladder of Intervention is a Public Health approach to changing public behaviour through a combination of education, nudge behaviour, empowering change, and ultimately reducing autonomy. To assist in thinking about the acceptability and justification of different policy initiatives to improve public health, The Nuffield Council on Bioethics devised what they call the ‘intervention ladder’ […]
Spotlight Theory is the tendency that we all have to overestimate how much other people notice us or how much we think that they are thinking about us. Although we are indeed the centre of our own worlds, Spotlight Theory explains how some people take that perception even further into a position whereby they believe […]
The Bandwagon Effect explains how we have a want and a need to conform with the common or popular thinking at a given time so that we belong to a tribe.
The Halo Effect is a cognitive bias towards positivity based on a preconceived perception of that person or organisation’s standing. If you like them already, you are more likely to like the next thing they do.
Balance theory is a theory about how our attitudes can change based upon our need to find cognitive balance and consistency – we can change our attitude about something if it is incongruous to our attitude to something else. The theory was put forward by Fritz Heider.
The Stockdale Paradox is about the balance of optimism and realism and is based on a conversation between Jim Collins, an author, and James Stockdale, the former vice presidential candidate, naval officer and Vietnam prisoner of war. Jim Collins is the author of a famous book called ‘Good to Great’. In the book, Collins explores […]
Optimism is an attitude which can be applied to life, to a situation, or to an event or outcome whereby the optimistic attitude means that you think the result will be positive.
Solution-focused Brief Therapy is a mental health theory that helps clients change by co-constructing solutions based on their existing ‘toolkit’ rather than dwelling on problems. Co-created goals are established through a carefully structured questioning process that revolves around ‘the miracle question’ and then extracting and complimenting any movement towards that goal. SFBT was developed by […]
Neurocognitive disorders are characterised by primary clinical deficits in cognitive functioning that are acquired rather than developmental. This means that it is a change in behaviour rather than something that the person has always had or exhibited; it is noticed through a decline from a previously attained level of functioning or ability. Previously, it was […]
The ICD-11 is the International Classification of Diseases, version 11, published by the World Health Organisation (WHO). It is the definitive guide to illnesses of the body and mind and allows for diagnoses and coding of different conditions. It was published in 2018 after more than a decade of research and contributions from medical professionals […]